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Plant Genomics

Is Palm Oil Sustainable for People?

Palm oil belongs to Elaeis, which is the only genus of Arecaceae family that produces edible oil. The current commercial planting is mainly E. guineensis, (Jacq.) originating from West Africa, selected due to its yield superiority. The cultivations occur throughout the tropical belt, especially in Southeast Asia, Africa and South America. To date, palm oil has become the most important oil crop in the world, accounting for 37% of global vegetable oil production. However, palm oil sustainability is always debated. Is palm oil really sustainable for people? To answer this, some facts are worth pondering.

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What’s Next for Plant Genomics?

2017 is drawing to a close and it’s about that time where we begin to reflect. It has been a huge year for plant genomics in terms of technological advancements in the field with two developments in particular: CRISPR and disease resistance.

Successful sequencing, along with the improvement of biological data sets, have given plant scientists the tools and knowledge to make exciting developments to benefit agriculture. Research in plant disease resistance is being used to tackle global issues, such as food security, and novel gene editing technologies like CRISPR will take this research even further. 

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The Development and Application of CRISPR-Cpf1

Genome editing is slowly causing, or has perhaps already caused, a paradigm shift in the world of agriculture and in plant genomics in general. The ability to precisely and easily edit genes has never been as widespread before as it is now. The technology is causing a momentous shift towards using genome editing to not only validate gene function but also to create better crop varieties for the sustenance of a growing human population.

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Understanding the Molecular Basis of Disease Resistance in Plants

There has been tremendous progress in understanding the molecular basis of disease resistance in plants in the last twenty years. However, translation of this knowledge into practical use has been slow.

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Phytobiomes: Embracing Complexity to Achieve a New Vision for Agriculture

Imagine a world in which farmers have at their disposal analytical tools that help them determine the crop, management practices, and inputs to apply to a specific field in a given year, taking into consideration all physical (climate, soil…) and biological conditions (microbes, pests, disease, weeds, animals…)

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Novel Applications Of The Chloroplast Genome

Henry Daniell’s research analyses the crop chloroplast genome. In the past years, more than 40 crop chloroplasts genome were sequenced in his lab, including some of the most important crops such as coffee, orange, cotton and soybean.

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Probiotic Consortia Applications In Non-Sterile Soil

Plants feed microbial communities that, in return, provide the plant with growth hormones and antibiotics. Alexandre Jousset’s research focuses on probiotics consortia in tomato plant roots that form a shield defending plant tissues from Ralstonia solanacearum (Wei et al., 2015). This is an aerobic non-spore forming plant pathogenic bacterium colonising the xylem and causing bacterial wilt in its host. It can affect most world crop species including tomato, potato, banana and tobacco and there’s still no cure for this disease (Hu et al., 2016).

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The Wheat Genome Sequence Odyssey

As the world population is expected to reach 9.8 billion by 2050, it is crucial to have innovative genomics tools to address global food security in a sustainable way.

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