Posted 20th March 2019 by Joshua Sewell
The Human Genome Project was the largest collaborative scientific project that is credited with transforming our understanding of human genetics and revolutionizing medical research. It’s completion in 2003 was greeted as a watershed moment in the history of scientific discovery.
Today, a much less heralded collaborative scientific project is underway that may have implications for human health that could be as profound as that of the Human Genome Project. The Human Microbiome Project (HMP) is a National Institutes of Health (NIH)-supported collaboration that develops “research resources to enable the study of the microbial communities that live in and on our bodies and the roles they play in human health and disease”.
Posted 3rd December 2018 by Jane Williams
The bacterial nature of a plant disease was first proven in 1878–1880 by T. J. Burrill in the University of Illinois when studying fire blight. The number of known species of pathogenic bacteria is in constant change due to the clarification of phylogenetic relatedness upon receipt of new data, but as of 2014 the number of phytopathogenic bacteria genera that unite them was 39 1.